Witch hazel has mildly astringing qualities. Useful for tightening those veins that lose tone during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy due to the extra elastin being produced during pregnancy. Yarrow is useful topically to stop bleeding. Shepherd's purse is useful externally as a liniment to relieve rheumatic joints with stagnant Blood. Calendula promotes healing and soothes. Cayenne acts as a stimulant to move Stagnant Blood. This product is ideal for pregnancy, but can also be used for anyone that has aching legs and vericose veins.